" Democracy was
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Rastriyapita Jyoti Rao Phule Banam Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati

Booklet: Rastriyapita Jyoti Rao Phule Banam Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati
Author: Subhash
Pub: D.K. Kharpade Memorial Trust, Mumbai
Edition: Second- 2004; First- 2003
Price: Rs. 15/-
Pgs.: 40

Dayanand and Phule are two opposite streams of thoughts in India’s modern social history. Satyashodhak Samaj of Phule aimed at emancipation of people from putrid religion with no scope of oblation and ablution for the gods majority. So, he exposed truth by representing ugly faces of Brahmanical texts beginning with the Rigveda and culminating in Puranas. Dayanand’s adherence to Vedic religion was an attempt to allure lower castes into its fold by distinguishing between true and false in Hinduism. His opposition to various texts belonging to other parallel streams in Indian society was an attempt to show that vedic religion is chaste. Kabir had already revealed inefficacy of Vedism in spiritual elevation but Dayananad attempted to undo what Buddha and Kabir had done. Dayananad’s attempt to bring all sections under a simple umbrella was born from his fear of losing a large section of population to Christianity and Islam. Whereas, Dayanand attempted to defend indefensible, Phule attempted to dig diagnostic appraisal of Hinduism. One was committed to truth and other to mere sophistry and misrepresentation of facts.


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